Dr. William B. Karesh
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Summary: Animal health represents an important factor in public health as zoonoses account for nearly two-thirds of human infectious diseases—the majority of these originate from wild species. This is especially relevant given increasing pressures on our environment that are changing human contact with wildlife, resulting in the growing threat of disease emergence to our global and local public health and economies. Leading drivers of infectious disease emergence in humans from wildlife include anthropogenic pressures such as land use change, food production systems, and trade and travel. These complex drivers require broad and novel approaches to predict and prevent disease emergence. A multi-sectoral or One Health approach that considers the human-animal-environment links can promote synergies among public health, veterinary, and medical professions with other disciplines.
This presentation will identify the key drivers of zoonotic infectious disease emergence and describe approaches to identifying risk factors for zoonotic diseases. It will also describe the difference between disease occurrence mapping and correlation-based disease risk mapping.